This picture shows a chicken with swollen eyes from South Africa – the chicken is suffering from Infectious Coryza. The chicken will become dehydrated and will die very quickly if left untreated with chicken medicine. Catching disease early is very important – if you think your chicken is sick – then act immediately – don’t wait to see what may happen or you may very well lose your entire flock. The poultry disease will quickly move to other chickens and can decimate an entire flock – it is a respiratory disease and once a chicken has this disease it is a carrier for life – even when the chicken is healed with the correct medication. Chickens can get 180 different diseases, the worst is new castles disease – many of these can be treated with the correct inoculations when the chickens are young. If your chickens act differently from normal, bunching up, sitting on their own and not eating, hunching, or not eating – then act straight way.
The best solution is prevention:
- no different aged birds close to each other
- footbaths in front of each house, showers if you can avoid it
- regular vitamins
- layers and broilers far away from each other
- clean houses regularly
- clean water founts everyday
- no strangers, salesmen, suppliers near your houses
- fly and rat control
- correct temperatures and humidity in houses
Poultry Vaccines given as chicken medication when the birds are young are critical – These poultry medicines can be bought from a vet or from a poultry medication company like Imunovet or Vetpak. The best way to avoid poultry disease is to keep your chicken house very clean, control your flies and other vermin. Avoid placing young birds in close proximity to older chickens – and properly clean your chicken house between cycles. Infectious Coryza is easily transmitted – but water is the critical factor – it is easily passed from chicken to chicken when the poultry houses are wet and the water is dirty – you will need to separate infected chickens from the rest of the flock – and treat them for 3 to six days. Early warning signs are sneezing and blowing bubbles out of the nasal passages at the top of the beak – if you can catch it then, early, then you can avoid the chickens eyes swelling up and the bird getting very sick – it will spread – so be awake when you look at your birds - look for runny dropping and blood in the chicken droppings – this will be a sign of Coccidiossis. Poultry sickness – any kind, swollen eyes, runny litter, blood in the litter, hunched chickens, rattling in the chest, not eating, not drinking, dull eyes – are all signs that your chicken is sick. You will need poultry vaccines, or chicken medication – or you may be watching chickens dying. Give them vitamins regularly, feed them fresh vegetables if you can and stick to your bio security practises religiously.